How to Buy Pre-Rolls in Canada?

Non-medical cannabis can be consumed in several different ways. A common way to consume is by smoking a pre-roll, more commonly referred to as a joint.

Pre-rolls, as the name suggests, are previously rolled or assembled by the licensed producer. You can buy pre-rolls in our store either hand-rolled or machine-rolled by licensed producers into a ready-to-use format, eliminating the need to buy dried flower, papers, and filters separately. These pre-rolled joints are then packaged in a small plastic tube or cardboard box to prevent them from being bent or broken.

Pre-rolls sold at our store are available in indica-dominant, sativa-dominant, hybrid, and high-CBD varieties, and contain the same grade of cannabis as dried flower.

Pre-rolls are available in a wide variety of strains. Consumers can purchase individual pre-rolls in one gram and half-gram sizes, or multi-packs of pre-rolls containing up to five pre-rolls of the same strain. Under the Cannabis Act, pre-rolls cannot exceed one gram in size. When picking a pre-rolled product, refer to the label to find out how many milligrams of THC and/or CBD are present.

A joint is cheap, discreet, disposable, and easily shared among friends. It requires neither the financial investment of a bong nor the time commitment of an edible. But unless you’ve got nimble fingers or hours to spend practicing, it can be tough to learn how to twist one up.

Before legal, regulated markets, consumers themselves were the ones rolling joints. But as medical dispensaries and recreational shops emerged, demand grew for ready-made smokeables. By now, pre-rolls are almost everywhere, serving as go-to gifts and common suggestions to cannabis newcomers.

There’s just one thing: A lot of people think they’re junk.

“Out of maybe the 50 pre-rolls that I’ve got from dispensaries, two of them have been smokeable,” laments one cannabis-focused YouTuber.“The rest have just been disgusting. They’ve gone in the trash, they’ve gotten broken up, they’ve just not been smoked. It’s pretty gross.”

He’s not alone. Many in the cannabis community steer clear of pre-rolled joints because of the perception that they contain low-quality cannabis. But where did that reputation come from? Is it deserved? And does it really mean pre-rolls aren’t worth it? We spoke to budtenders, producers, dispensary owners, and cannabis enthusiasts to find out.

The biggest takeaway? When it comes to pre-rolls, it’s hard to generalize. But at least in some markets, they don’t always deserve the bad rap.

“The quality really varies a lot,” said Lauren, who spent three years working in a Seattle medical dispensary and who requested anonymity in order to preserve her industry ties. While some producers use higher-quality flower, she said, others add what’s called trim — the leaves and stems that are cut away from the bud before curing.

“A lot of the pre-rolls that are out there are made with a combination of plant material, and sometimes that includes smaller stems,”

The biggest problem with a pre-roll is the paper, because it hides what’s inside. That makes it easier for producers to get away with using sub-par cannabis or trim. Even when a store includes high-quality cannabis, consumers still can’t judge what’s inside — so the store may see little advantage in stocking high-quality pre-rolls.

Pros of Pre-rolls

  • Pre-rolled joints are good for bargain shoppers
  • Pre-rolled joints are quick and easy
  • There are fun upgraded pre-rolled joints to choose from

For the beginners, pre rolled joints are the best option as it becomes difficult and time consuming to roll paper for the beginners. Not only for the beginners but on a whole, already rolled, readymade joints are easy to use and can be quickly made. The rolled joints come with the best advantage of saving time. One can make and use multiple joints s compared to rolling the hashish in a rolling paper. Pre rolled joints are affordable as compared to the rolling papers. Even if they are not cheaper than the rolling papers in some places, they are a complete value for the money.

The old times have gone when the ready to use joints were filled with dry and fast burning stuff but, these days one gets supreme quality cannabis in the readymade joints. One can get the ready to use joints in various outlets like coffeeshops, dispensaries, recreational shops etc. It has a wide availability range.

Cons of Pre-rolls

  • Expensive

These readymade joints are expensive as compared to the normal rolling papers. But, they are majorly preferred by the beginners as rolling paper is a tough task for them. It happens at times, that even if the beginners do not know how to roll a paper properly, they purchase papers because they are cheaper as compared to the pre rolls.

  •  Trust on the quality

Regular smokers of cannabis do not prefer pre rolled joints because they do not trust the quality of cannabis rolled into it. Plus, the process of rolling a paper is much likeable to the regular smokers as compared to consuming rolled joints

  • Not properly rolled

Maximum rolled joints are not properly rolled and are uneven which makes them difficult to smoke plus the smokers do not feel good after smoking one. Either they are too loose or too tight or uneven which makes it an unpleasant experience for the smokers.

It is completely a personal choice to smoke cannabis through ready to use rolled joints or by rolling papers.

Why use prerolls?

Prerolls provide consumers with many advantages, from convenience to storability and everything in between. Consider a group of friends looking to hang out together on a Friday night. To enjoy cannabis together, they would need to grind their nugs before loading up a bong or carefully rolling the herb into joints, whatever their delivery method of choice may be. If they were to plan on twaxing their weed (rolling their joint in a ribbon of shatter), they would need to set up a small station with the necessary supplies to prep their bud. This ceremonious ritual is loved by some, but many appreciate the convenience of a preroll.

Prerolls are convenient, come packaged in reusable containers, and range in potency to satisfy even the most discerning of cannabis connoisseurs. They’re surefire heralds of smiles, laughter, and great vibes.

How efficient is smoking a joint?

Preroll potency ranges from standalone flower to twaxed cones lacquered in kief; and just as potency varies, so too does flavor. The usage of prerolls allows consumers to experience the power of concentrates without having to vaporize or dab — but how efficient is smoking a joint? How much of the active cannabinoids are actually ingested by your body?

Bluntly put, less than halfway efficient. But that shouldn’t strike them from consideration. Bongs, pipes, and other methods of combustion suffer from similar inefficiencies. A Natural Products Chemistry & Research study published in 2015 found that users typically consume less than half of the available cannabinoids in a joint or preroll. In fact, joint and preroll users only ingest 28% to 46% of the available cannabinoids, with an average 37% across all experiments. The scientists behind the study concluded that the missing mass of cannabinoids end up as ash or uninhaled smoke. Though users, on average, may enjoy but a third of the available cannabinoids in prerolls, their convenience, inherent discretion, and potency variance make prerolls a no-brainer for consumers. Despite their inefficiency, prerolls and joints stand together as internationally recognized and celebrated symbols of inclusion. They’re here to stay.

What are prerolls made of?

Preroll contents run the gamut from basic, flower-only joints to king-size cones decked to the nines in kief, wax, and top-shelf bud. Depending upon where the preroll is purchased, such as from a prerolled joint dispensary, users’ mileage may vary.

For years, most prerolls contained varied combinations of shake and dry plant parts, including stems and excess leaves, because producers found that they could drastically save on costs by stuffing their prerolls with product that would otherwise go to waste. As medical cannabis legislation bloomed across the country, more competition entered the scene, which drove quality up and prices down.

Increased competition across marijuana markets has also driven producers to branch out into offering blunts, which are hollowed-out cigars filled with marijuana, and spliffs, which are joints rolled with cannabis and tobacco. Further, the communal preference for joints, blunts, and spliffs varies geographically. Europeans prefer spliffs, while Americans prefer consuming joints and blunts, and so on. It is worth noting, however, that the European cannabis lexicon flips “spliff” and “joint.” On the continent, spliffs are marijuana-only cigarettes while joints contain both marijuana and tobacco, like a “joint” operation.

Guide How to Buy Marijuana Flower

Buying marijuana flower can be intimidating. When you enter a cannabis shop, you are met with a massive selection of products. How do you even begin to navigate your options? Why would you spend $60 on an eighth of Purple Punch that is 23% THC when there is a $20 eighth from a different brand with 28% THC? And it can be even more challenging if you’re buying online and can’t see the product.

When it comes to purchasing cannabis, many people employ a system that reflects my wine purchasing strategy: I find a cool-looking label that fits my price point and move on to the checkout line. Does this help me find a good wine? Nope! But it allows me to get back home in a timely manner and that is half the battle when I’m grocery shopping.

From my experience as a budtender, I found that price, THC percentage, and strain name are the most common reasons customers choose a product. Even though these criteria are helpful for narrowing down your options, none of them speak to the quality of a product.

So, what is the difference between that $20 and $60 eighth of Purple Punch? Why spend the extra cash? To answer those questions, we have to take a look at the characteristics that define quality cannabis.

Characteristics of quality cannabis

Like with any crop, a successful cannabis harvest starts with high-quality seeds but knowing how to identify the best ones can be tricky even for growers with years of experience. To help give you an idea of what to look for when preparing for your marijuana garden, here we talk about how to identify quality cannabis seeds on sight.

  • Appearance & Color. High-quality seeds have certain aesthetic qualities that set them apart from seeds that aren’t as healthy. The most viable seeds are brown, tan, or even black, as immature seeds are lighter colors like white, yellow, and pale green. Some people even claim that the best seeds feature dark spots or stripe patterns and that there should be a healthy sheen on the surface when held under light, like a fresh coat of wax.
  • Size & Shape. You can identify quality cannabis seeds by their size and shape, especially when you can compare several seeds side-by-side. The largest seeds with the most symmetrical round or teardrop-shape are the best quality, while immature seeds are small and often have an irregular shape.
  • Hardness & Durability. The best seeds have a hard outer shell with a smooth, uncracked surface, while undesirable seeds have soft surfaces that crinkle, crack, or crumble completely quite easily.
  • Age. If you know how old the (fully mature) seeds are you’ll be able to have a better idea of viable they are. Like all genetic material, seeds degrade over time, so freshly harvested seeds are often more viable than ones that are months or years old. You should store seeds in a cool, dark place (even a freezer) so they don’t rot or get mold.
  • Float Test. The “float test” is an easy way to check if a seed is viable or not. It’s as simple as dropping a seed into just enough distilled water to see if it has enough mass to sink within an hour or two, and if it does, then it generally has a better chance of germinating than seeds that float. You should do this right before you plant the seed because the water saturation can cause it to mold or decay.

Trust the grower

At the end of the day, quality cannabis is produced by quality growers. Producing great cannabis is not magic—it is a skill that is developed over time through hard work. Good weed should be nothing short of amazing because the proper time was put into it. You will be able to see, taste, and smell the effort that goes into growing quality cannabis.

Being able to trust a grower also gives you confidence when trying a new strain. You can’t always know how a strain will affect you, but you can know if the strain was grown by someone who values quality. If you like a particular strain from a grower, try another one of their strains, you might like it.

How do marijuana laws affect buying cannabis seeds?

The law is the first thing to take into consideration. Before doing anything else, you’ll want to double and triple check the laws in your area about which types of cannabis products you’re allowed to purchase as well as any laws about growing weed at home. This is important because the legal status of both cannabis products and home-growing cannabis will in large part dictate where and how you buy your seeds. If you live in a state where it is legal to grow weed at home and there are not that many restrictions on home growing, then you’ll likely be able to buy cannabis directly from your favorite licensed dispensary. In some cases, you may even have the option of buying from a brick-and-mortar retailer or an online retailer.

 

Understanding Quality Cannabis in Dispensaries

If you’re new to the world of cannabis, it can be stressful to determine if a marijuana product is good or bad. As stated above, however, if you are shopping at a reputable dispensary and abide by basic quality characteristics, there really isn’t much risk of purchasing a poor product.

That’s not to say that some dispensaries aren’t better than others, but typically not many dispensaries sell anything that is terrible. With so many dispensary options to choose from though, it can be a bit overwhelming to search for the product you are looking for.

Look for dispensaries like Silver Stem Fine Cannabis, who offer high-quality cannabis at affordable prices to make sure that every customer or patient leaves with something they will love. From seed to sale, Silver Stem oversees their cannabis to ensure every product meets their standards. On top of their seed to sale operation, Silver Stem strictly adheres to the highest standards within their grow, making sure that all of the flower they produce is up to par with their dedication to top-notch quality. Dispensaries like this are leading the way in attention to detail regarding cultivation, which is why they have some of the finest cannabis around.

If you’re unfamiliar with the term, seed to sale, it simply means that all aspects of the cultivation and sale of cannabis are conducted by the same company. Dispensaries like Silver Stem that operate in a seed to sale fashion have been known to produce higher quality cannabis products on a consistent basis.

Also, since everything is being conducted in-house, the staff is generally more knowledgeable on the products they are selling. What does this mean to you as a consumer? Not only are you pretty much guaranteed a killer product but also excellent customer service every step of the way.

Asking these questions will help your budtender recommend the best products for your taste and personal preference, meaning you have a higher chance of leaving the dispensary satisfied. If a budtender is unwilling to answer your questions or simply does not know the answer, it may be smart to ask another budtender or try a different dispensary.

A key indicator of quality in a dispensary is if the employees are knowledgeable and passionate about the products. This shows that the dispensary invests time in their employees and products and also that the employees believe in the quality products they are selling.

How to Buy High Quality Pre-Roll Joints?

So you’re starting to dip your toes into the world of cannabis, but you don’t know quite where to start. You want something simple you can enjoy while going about your day, or, perhaps to pair with your afternoon walk. Naturally, buying pre roll joints make perfect sense for your go-to cannabis product.

There’s just one catch, hand-rolling a joint can be a tedious and time-consuming process that takes years to perfect. Thankfully, you no longer have to train to become a rolling master in order to reap the benefits of a perfectly packed joint.

Pre-rolled joints commonly referred to as pre-rolls, provide an easy solution to the frustration caused by multiple failed attempts to self roll. Just like any purchase, you’ll want to brush up on your cannabis knowledge to make sure you’re getting the right pre-roll for you.

What are pre-rolls?

Never heard of a pre-roll? Well, you’ve been missing out! A pre-roll is a perfectly prepared and pre-packaged, ready-to-smoke product that helps you get on with your plans for the day without having to spend hours fumbling around with rolling papers, grinders, and homemade filters.

Prerolls are essentially premade joints. Cannabis producers, cultivators, and retailers now offer branded prerolls, much to users’ delight. They generally consist of a wrap or paper, ground cannabis, and a filter or crutch lodged firmly at the preroll’s base. Some are sold in individual tubes, while others are packaged together as multi-packs. As varied as the packaging may be, preroll sizing can run from the length of a pinky finger to the length of a smartphone. Prerolls offer consumers a relatively inexpensive, disposable, all-in-one experience that caters to individuals and groups alike.

Why use pre-rolls?

Prerolls provide consumers with many advantages, from convenience to storability and everything in between. Consider a group of friends looking to hang out together on a Friday night. To enjoy cannabis together, they would need to grind their nugs before loading up a bong or carefully rolling the herb into joints, whatever their delivery method of choice may be. If they were to plan on twaxing their weed (rolling their joint in a ribbon of shatter), they would need to set up a small station with the necessary supplies to prep their bud. This ceremonious ritual is loved by some, but many appreciate the convenience of a preroll.

Prerolls are convenient, come packaged in reusable containers, and range in potency to satisfy even the most discerning of cannabis connoisseurs. They’re surefire heralds of smiles, laughter, and great vibes.

How to determine the quality of a pre-roll?

There are two crucial questions you should ask your pre-roll supplier:

  • What is the quality of the flower being used?
  • What’s the profile of cannabinoids and terpenes in this product?

Pros & Cons of Buying a Pre-Roll Machine

Pre-roll machines are a powerful way to pump out tons of joints in very little time. Whether you own a dispensary or a cannabis brand, finding a fast, efficient way to fill cones could be the difference between profit or loss.

Labor Costs

An automated pre-roll machine decreases labor costs. How long would it take one member of staff to fill 143 cones? Is it more than one minute? If so, you’re losing money. Some pre-roll machines can fill that many cones in 60 seconds flat. Not only does this efficiency create more shelf-ready cones in less time, it provides staff with more time to focus on higher-level tasks.

Consistent Cones

Vibrating cone-filling machines are designed to create consistent pre-rolls. Some models, like the STM Mini RocketBox, guarantee no more than ten percent difference in weight from pre-roll to pre-roll. This is where it’s important to consider the quality of the machine one is purchasing.

Some commercial pre-roll machines have a high variance in the weight of each cone, as well as a fluctuating fill rate. Some may only fill cones to 70 percent capacity, whereas others offer a consistent 90 percent fill rate. Consistent, quality pre-rolls will protect your brand and create lasting bonds with customers.

How Much Does a Pre-Roll Machine Cost and Is it Worth It?

There are many options available, ranging from relatively inexpensive to large investments. Consider the size of one’s business and the output desired.

If you’re operating a small-to-medium sized business, there are some $5-6000 options capable of filling 100-300 joints in just two minutes.

For larger operations, top-of-the-line models like the RocketBox are capable of filling up to 25,000 pre-rolls a day (that’s nearly 500 in three minutes). These machines can cost up to $16,000 but often come with substantial warranties.

When deciding if this is a worthwhile investment for one’s business, consider the following: what are your current pre-roll production capabilities; how much would you like to produce in the future (think scalability); how are you encouraging customer loyalty; and what are you spending on labor costs? It’s worth noting that even the least expensive pre-roll machines can fill cones 3-4x faster than a staff member.

Some machines, such as those offered by STM, even offer online support and virtual training. Such programs ensure you and your staff can quickly, easily use the machine and solve any technical issues that might arise.

Is shake always low quality?

Pre-rolls are going to be filled with shake or the small bits of cannabis left at the bottom of a jar once all the rest is used. A lot of people assume that this remnant is the low quality portion that got left behind. Despite popular opinion, that’s not the case. Shake isn’t necessarily any better or worse than the cannabis it came from. It just depends on whether or not the shake includes the pesky stems and leaves.

At its core, shake is simply marijuana in smaller pieces, which is perfect for a joint. In fact, the primary problem with shake is that the manufacturing process sometimes allows different strains to become mixed together. This can give you an experience that you weren’t quite expecting in some cases, but it’s virtually unnoticeable for the most part.

So, how to smoke cannabis pre-polls?

Smoking cannabis pre-rolls is basically the same as smoking a joint you rolled yourself. The only difference is that all cannabis pre-rolls are your standard rolls, so you don’t have to deal with any creative or over-the-top designs. Those designs tend to be more annoying than functional anyway, so it’s best not to bother with them.

To light up, you need to make sure the tip of your joint is ignited evenly. The best way to do this is to apply the flame of your lighter to the tip while rotating the joint between your fingers slowly and steadily. This way, the joint will burn evenly as you smoke the entire thing.

You may be tempted to inhale while you’re lighting it, as it’s common practice when it comes to cigarettes and cigars, but it doesn’t work quite as well with cannabis. You may not see much difference, as they both involve smoking, but cannabis is drastically different from tobacco. You will have to apply the flame to the tip a bit longer when you’re not inhaling it at the same time, but the difference is worth the extra effort.

When it finally comes time to start smoking, you want to be gentle with it. Aggressive inhalation not only makes it harder for you to breathe, but it can mess up the even burning of the joint. With gentle inhalation, you’ll have enough pressure to pull the smoke you need without messing up your experience.

Where to Find Hybrid Weed Online

Cannabis is one of the fastest-growing industries in the country, as it has already been legalized for recreational use in 11 states and for medicinal use in 22 states. With marijuana becoming normalized, it is common for many people who were once hesitant about the substance to begin viewing it as a way to heal illnesses or just as a new hobby.

It can be pretty intimidating to step into the world of weed, but doing so is actually quite simple. There are three different categories of cannabis: sativa, indica, and hybrid weed online.

What Is a Hybrid?

A hybrid strain of marijuana is a type of weed created by fusing the other two types of weed: sativa and indica. This means the effects will be more balanced throughout the body, making it a good choice for a variety of users. Some of the most famous hybrid strains include Blue Dream, Girl Scout Cookies, and Gorilla Glue #4. As the demand for cannabis grows, so does experimentation with new strains. Most of the strains on the commercial market today are hybrids – plants bred from numerous different strains of cannabis to produce certain effects or features. This is a basic primer on what hybrids are, and some of the reasons they have become so popular.

Cannabis, like other plants, either exists as a pure breed, or as a hybrid mix of strains. As the industry has commercialised, both pure strains and existing hybrids are continually mixed and remixed. These new plants are known as hybrids.

Hybrids are a man-made attempt at customising plants with specific kinds of characteristics usually found in ruderalis, sativa, and indica strains. Successful hybrids inherit the best qualities from their parents.

Kinds of Hybrid Strains

Generally, there are four types of strains:

  1. Sativa x sativa: Two different sativa varieties are bred together.
  2. Indica x indica: Two different indica varieties are bred together.
  3. Sativa x indica: A strain described this way is a hybrid with sativa-dominant characteristics. However, it has traits of both varieties of cannabis. It could be a tall plant with purple buds, for example.
  4. Indica x sativa: This variety will have characteristics of both, but is indica-dominant.

In addition, autoflowering hybrids are cultivars which have been mixed somewhere down the line with ruderalis genetics.

Breeding New Cannabis Strains

Breeding any plant involves the same basic process. Cannabis is no different. A female plant must be pollinated with male pollen. This happens naturally. However, in hybrid creation, breeders engage in selective breeding in a controlled environment. In other words, they pick the female plant and male pollen to produce a specific trait or set of them.

Seeds germinated by this process will be first generation hybrids of the male and female parents. Those with the desired traits will be bred again. Once these traits have been produced, breeders will “cube” the strain. In other words, they will breed a child hybrid with a parent strain to reinforce the characteristics. It is usually repeated across three or more generations to stabilise the characteristics.

Cannabis can also be propagated “sexually” or “asexually”. The sexual reproductive process involves combining different parents. However, vegetative methods also include cloning, cuttage, and even division of roots. Asexual reproduction allows the exact same plant to be produced again and again.

What Does Hybrid Weed Feel Like Compared to Sativas and Indicas?

If you’re wondering what hybrid weed feels like, the effects of a hybrid strain depend completely on the two plants it is based on. Sativas are generally known for their uplifting and energetic effects, while indicas are felt more in the body and tend to be more sedative. A perfectly balanced hybrid will give you a mixture of both: uplifting your mood, while still relaxing your body.

Not all hybrids are perfectly balanced though, as some are known to favor one strain over the other. These are known as sativa-dominant and indica-dominant.

Sativa-Dominant Hybrid and Indica-Dominant Hybrid

A sativa-dominant hybrid is a strain that has more effects from sativa than those of indica. This means you’ll feel the uplifting and euphoric feelings of a sativa, while still get enough of a body high to ensure you are not overwhelmed. It follows that indica-dominant strains have more indica effects than those of sativa. These are for people who need more sedating effects but still want to experience some euphoria while medicating. For a hybrid strain to be considered a “true” hybrid, it will need to have a 50/50 balance of indica and sativa effects, but this type of strain is usually difficult to come across.

Who Are Hybrids For?

Hybrids are great for people who want a balanced high. They are not as cerebral and psychedelic as a sativa can be, nor will they put you to sleep like an indica. This is a great place to start if you’re new to marijuana, but keep in mind that all bodies are different and will thereby react differently to various strains. So, the best way to find out what works for you is to go out and experiment. New hybrids are constantly being made by marijuana growers and testers, so there will never be a shortage of options to pick from!

The Difference Between Hybrid and Balanced Cannabis

With so many different strains available on the market, and with different categories to separate them, it’s no wonder our customers can get a little confused. When customers come to our Toronto dispensary, we have our knowledgeable Budtenders available to answer any questions that you might have. A common question that keeps popping up is ‘what is the difference between a hybrid and a balanced flower?’ Let us break it down for you.
Cannabis is classified into two species: Indica and Sativa and in addition, you can also have “blends” of the two in various proportions which are called Hybrids. When talking about hybrid cannabis, this means that the strain is a hybrid between an Indica and a Sativa strain.
 
There are many differences between the anatomy of the two species; the way they are grown, how long they take to flower and more – but one of the most important differences are the chemicals they produce, and what that means for consumers of those products.
 
 
Indica
 
  • Most known for: Somatic effects
  • Often chosen for: Quiet occasions, pre-sleep consumption, low impact activities at home
  • Looks like: short, stocky plants with broad leaves
  • Origin: India (although emerging research has suggested it may have actually originated in Afghanistan)
 
Sativa
 
  • Most Known for: Cerebral effects
  • Often chosen for: Physical activity, social gatherings and more active occasions
  • Looks like: Tall, lanky plants with skinny leaves
  • Origin: Regions close to the equator (Colombia, Mexico, Thailand)
 
Hybrid
 
Hybrids can inherit traits from both parent strains. Hybrids can be either Indica or Sativa dominant in their genetic makeup and effects. Each component can add something different to the overall experience. Strains can be created that allow the various properties of the two parents to combine with each other and create something different from either of the two strains on their own.
 
So now that we know what a hybrid is… what is a balanced strain!?
 
Balanced 1:1 product contains an even or similar amount of THC and CBD. The two cannabinoids work together to create a unique sensation made from a mix of their characteristics and effects. Equal parts of THC and CBD can produce a balanced, gentle effect that can be psychoactive in moderate doses.
 
Example Ratios:
 
  • 1:2 – This balanced product contains slightly more amounts of THC than CBD.
  • 1:1 – This is a true 1:1 balance with equal parts of THC and CBD.
  • 2:1 – This balanced product contains slightly more amounts of CBD than THC.
 
What are THC and CBD?
 
THC is the most common cannabinoid in the cannabis plant and is the psychoactive component responsible for the intoxicating effects of cannabis. THC dominant products contain little to no CBD and create a cerebral high sensation that can deliver psychedelic effects.
 
CBD is the second most common cannabinoid in the cannabis plant and does not have psychedelic effects. CBD dominant product contains little to no THC and is responsible for the somatic effects associated with cannabis that can be relaxing and calming.
 
Recap
 
While Hybrid refers to the blending of Indica or Sativa strains, a balanced strain refers to the THC and CBD component of your cannabis. You can have an Indica strain that is THC dominant, CBD dominant, or Balanced 1:1 – meaning equal or similar parts of THC and CBD. Similarly, you can have a Sativa or a Hybrid strain that is THC dominant, CBD dominant, or Balanced 1:1.
 
Remember, Hybrid (or blend) refers to a mix of Indica and Sativa, while Balanced refers to a mix of THC and CBD.

Pros of Buying Marijuana Online

Marijuana is the slang term for portions of the Cannabis plant. It is one of the oldest psychoactive substances used by man. You can buy marijuana online in any Canadian dispensary.

Marijuana, also called pot, weed, ganja, mary jane, and a host of other nicknames, is made from the Cannabis plant, which has three species: Cannabis sativa; Cannabis indica and Cannabis ruderalis. The flowering plant, which can grow to 16 feet (5 meters) high, likely originated in the Central Asian steppe, near the Altai or Tian Shian Mountains, and was first cultivated in China and India, according to “Cannabis and Cannabinoids: Pharmacology, Toxicology and Therapeutic Potential,” (Routledge, 2002).

The leaves, stems, flower buds and extracts from the marijuana plant can be eaten, brewed in a tea or put into a tincture. It can also be vaporized using an e-cigarette pen. Yale University researchers surveyed 3,847 Connecticut high school students about this practice in a 2015 study that was published in the journal Pediatrics. The study found nearly one in five e-cigarette users also have vaporize cannabis or byproducts like hash oil using the device.

“This is a relatively novel way of using marijuana, and kids are using it at a fairly high rate,” said lead author of the study Meghan E. Morean in a Yale press release.

There are hundreds of compounds in marijuana, but scientists believe the one responsible for the drugs’ psychoactive effects is tetrahydrocannbinol, or THC. THC binds to cannabinoid receptors throughout the body, and marijuana’s “high” comes from THC’s binding to brain regions responsible for pleasure, time perception and pain, according to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA). This binding in turn triggers a chemical cascade that eventually stimulates the production of dopamine, a brain chemical often called the “feel good chemical,” which is part of the body’s reward system,” said Mitch Earleywine, a psychology professor at the University at Albany in New York, who studies marijuana’s health effects.

“Subjective effects really vary, folks who like it emphasize the euphoria and the relaxation, and then depending on the strain, it’s mildly stimulating, or mildly sedating.”

What’s in Your Marijuana?

Cannabis, or marijuana, is a complex plant that has psychoactive and medicinal elements. It contains more than 480 naturally occurring ingredients, including at least 65 unique chemical structures called cannabinoids found in the actual plant.

What are some of the other components, you ask? Read on to find out:

  • TetrahydrocannabinolOtherwise known as “THC,” this is the major psychoactive ingredient in marijuana that gets you high, comprising up to 30 percent of the cannabis plant. THC doesn’t naturally occur in its active form, but rapidly converts from THC acid (THCA) when burned in a cigarette or heated in cooking, in a heat-propelled reaction called decarboxylation. Not much is known about THCA, but experts have found that is an effective therapeutic agent that has been used to reduce pain, relieve nausea and stimulate appetite.
  • CannabidiolCannabidiol, or CBD, is the second most popular and well-known ingredient in cannabis. Prevalent in hemp varieties of cannabis, it actually lacks any noticeable psychoactive effects and works in concert with THC to decrease any of its psychoactive effects. If taken by itself, CBD is a pain reliever that has anti-inflammatory properties and is effective at reducing the frequency of seizures, mitigating anxiety and improving wakefulness. Unfortunately, most marijuana that’s sold to consumers has significantly lower levels of CBD because growers tend to selectively breed out the enzyme in order to produce more mind-altering levels of THC.
  • CannabinolThe third most common cannabinoid is Cannabinol, or CBN, which is a byproduct of the chemical breakdown of THC after the plant is exposed to oxygen or heat. Though it lacks the strong psychoactive and medicinal qualities of THC and comprises less than one percent of cannabis, even a small amount of the CBN can have a significant, sedating effect.
  • CannabigerolRecent studies have reported on the potential medicinal value of Cannabigerol, or CBG, another ingredient that only amounts to about one percent of cannabis. For instance, studies have shown it to delay the progression of neurodegenerative diseases, as well as reduce cancer cell growth in mice.
  • TerpenoidsIn addition to cannabinoids, marijuana contains over 100 terpenoids, which produce the unique aroma and flavor of marijuana. Researchers believe that terpenoids may also display therapeutic effects, as well.

Interestingly enough, however, there are different types of cannabis, and marijuana users have reported experiencing different highs and medicinal effects for each. This is largely due to the different chemical concentrations of cannabinoids and terpenoids in every type of marijuana.

What determines how marijuana effects a person?

Like any other drug, marijuana’s effects on a person depends on a number of factors, including the person’s previous experience with the drug or other drugs, biology (e.g., genes), gender, how the drug is taken, and how strong it is.

When marijuana is smoked, THC and other chemicals in the plant pass from the lungs into the bloodstream, which rapidly carries them throughout the body to the brain. The person begins to experience effects almost immediately. Many people experience a pleasant euphoria and sense of relaxation. Other common effects, which may vary dramatically among different people, include heightened sensory perception (e.g., brighter colors), laughter, altered perception of time, and increased appetite.

If marijuana is consumed in foods or beverages, these effects are somewhat delayed—usually appearing after 30 minutes to 1 hour—because the drug must first pass through the digestive system. Eating or drinking marijuana delivers significantly less THC into the bloodstream than smoking an equivalent amount of the plant. Because of the delayed effects, people may inadvertently consume more THC than they intend to.

Pleasant experiences with marijuana are by no means universal. Instead of relaxation and euphoria, some people experience anxiety, fear, distrust, or panic. These effects are more common when a person takes too much, the marijuana has an unexpectedly high potency, or the person is inexperienced. People who have taken large doses of marijuana may experience an acute psychosis, which includes hallucinations, delusions, and a loss of the sense of personal identity. These unpleasant but temporary reactions are distinct from longer-lasting psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, that may be associated with the use of marijuana in vulnerable individuals.

Although detectable amounts of THC may remain in the body for days or even weeks after use, the noticeable effects of smoked marijuana generally last from 1 to 3 hours, and those of marijuana consumed in food or drink may last for many hours.

Medical uses

According to the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, there is conclusive evidence that cannabis or cannabinoids can help manage:

  • chronic pain in adults
  • nausea and vomiting resulting from chemotherapy treatment
  • some symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS)

There is moderate evidence that it can help with sleep problems relating to sleep apnea, fibromyalgia, chronic pain, and MS.

Other conditions that it may be helpful for include:

  • low appetite
  • Tourette’s syndrome
  • anxiety, in some individuals

In 2018, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved Epidiolex, a medication that derives from cannabis, to treat two rare and severe types of epilepsy that do not respond well to other treatments. Epidiolex is a purified form of CBD that does not contain THC.

Three drugs that contain synthetic substances with a structure similar to that of THC have received FDA approval. Marinol, Syndros, and Cesamet are treatment options for some kinds of anorexia.

Effects

There are different ways of using cannabis, and the method can determine the effects of the drug.

Smoking or inhaling: A sense of elation can start within minutes and peak after 10–30 minutes. The feeling will typically wear off after about 2 hours.

Ingesting: If a person consumes products containing cannabis by mouth, they will usually feel the effects within 1 hour, and the sensations will peak after 2.5–3.5 hours. One study suggests that the type of edible affects the time it takes to feel the effect, with hard candies kicking in quicker.

Topical: Transdermal patches allow the ingredients to enter the body over a prolonged period. This steady infusion can benefit people who are using cannabis to treat pain and inflammation.

Guide: How to Buy THC Concentrates Online

Cannabis concentrates, oils, and extracts offer many unique benefits that you won’t find smoking flower. From easy, precise dosing to clean and refined flavors, concentrates focus on the ingredients in cannabis that matter most. In this series, you’ll learn how to buy THC concentrates online, the fundamentals of concentrates, explore product options, discover how extracts are made, and more. 

Cannabis oils, concentrates, and extracts—these all serve as umbrella terms under which sits a warehouse of different products: vape oil, hash, tinctures, dabs, CBD oil, and every other product dreamed up by cannabis chemists.

An oil, concentrate, or extract is any product derived from cannabis flower that is processed into a concentrated form, but each type of cannabis oil is unique.

But why bother with concentrates when you have tried-and-true bud? Flower may be good enough for you, but there are many reasons to explore the many options—and medicines—offered in extract form:

  •  You don’t have to smoke extracts. Most consumers choose to vaporize or ingest concentrates for a smoke-free dose.
  •  Cannabis oils are efficient. It takes less product to achieve the desired experience.
  •  Extracts are refined. Essential oils and cannabinoids are separated from plant material to create a smooth, clean* inhale when vaporized. (*Keep yourself educated on how to find high-quality cannabis oil and avoid unreliable, poorly crafted extracts.)

Types of cannabis oil

In this series, we’ll explore the many cannabis concentrate options available to you (depending on your local cannabis laws). Here’s a brief list of broad extract types to familiarize you with what’s to come in this series:

  • CBD oil refers to non-intoxicating products that are popularly used to treat a variety of medical conditions. It’s most commonly sold as a tincture or in capsule form.
  • THC oil refers to intoxicating oils that are also popularly used medically, but also deliver euphoric effects. THC-infused oils come in many forms, but the most popular are solids that can be vaporized (called dabs), tinctures, and capsules.
  • Vaporizer cartridges are portable, easy-to-dose oil attachments that pair with a battery. It’s essentially an e-cigarette, but with cannabis.
  • Ingestible oils refer to activated oil that you can consume with food/drinks or in capsule form.

Every extract serves a different purpose and consumer type, so we’ve broken our recommendations down based on your experience with concentrates:

  • New to cannabis concentrates? Part 2 of this series will introduce you to the most common cannabis oils and extracts, and provide product recommendations for inexperienced consumers.
  • Ready to graduate past tinctures and vape pens? Part 3 will introduce you to additional extract forms that you can vaporize, dab, or ingest.
  • Are you a true extract enthusiast? Part 4 will guide you toward cutting-edge concentrates perfect for the oil connoisseur.

How Potent is This Form of Marijuana?

Marijuana concentrates contain extraordinarily high THC levels ranging from 40 to 80 percent THC amounts. This form of marijuana can be up to four times stronger in THC content than high grade or top shelf marijuana, which normally measures around 20 percent THC levels.

One form of abuse occurs orally by infusing marijuana concentrates in various food or drink products. Smoking remains the most popular form of ingestion by use of water or oil pipes.

Many abusers of marijuana concentrates also prefer using an e-cigarette/vaporizer because it is smokeless, odorless and easy to hide. The user takes a “dab” of the concentrate, then heats the substance using the e-cigarette/vaporizer, producing vapors that ensure an instant high.

Using an e-cigarette/vaporizer to ingest marijuana concentrates is commonly referred to as “dabbing” or “vaping.”

Effects

Being a highly concentrated form of marijuana, the effects upon the user may be more psychologically and physically intense than plant marijuana use.

To date, long term effects of marijuana concentrate use are not yet fully known; but, we do know the effects of plant marijuana use. These effects include paranoia, anxiety, panic attacks, and hallucinations.

Additionally, the use of plant marijuana increases one’s heart rate and blood pressure. Plant marijuana users may also experience withdrawal and addiction problems.

In 2017, 22.9% of high school seniors used marijuana in the past 30 days compared with 9.7% who smoked cigarettes. Source: NIDA, 2017 Monitoring the Future Survey

Measured in the MTF survey this year, the use of electronic cigarettes (vaping) to use marijuana. Reporting use in the past month:

  •  – 1.6 percent of 8th graders
  •  – 4.3 percent of 10th graders
  •  – 4.9 percent of 12th graders

How are concentrates made?

Marijuana concentrates can be made in a commercial environment with modern equipment or prepared in a home setting.2 They are produced in various ways, including:

  • – dry processing (kief, finger hash)
  • – dry ice processing
  • – water-based processing (bubble hash)
  • – combining pressure with heat
  • – using nonflammable carbon dioxide solvents
  • – using flammable solvents, including butane (lighter fluid), propane, ether or alcohol

Using flammable solvents is popular because the products have high THC levels, users report longer-lasting effects, and it is a relatively inexpensive and efficient production method. Butane is a commonly used solvent, producing the potent marijuana concentrate butane hash oil (BHO), also known as amber, dab, glass, honey, shatter, or wax.

What does the final product look like?

The products resulting from these methods may be:

  • – a gooey liquid wax (hash oil or honey oil)
  • – a soft solid with a texture like lip balm (wax or budder)
  • – a hard, amber-colored solid (shatter)

Hash oil and waxes can be consumed using vape pens. Solids can also be placed on a heated platform usually made of titanium, quartz, or ceramic, where they are vaporized by high heat and inhaled through a dabbing tool, often called a rig.

The terms used to describe these products vary. Concentrates is a broad term referring to all products that have been extracted from the plant. Although extracts and concentrates are often used interchangeably, some people define extracts as products manufactured using solvents, but not those pulled from the plant with non-solvent methods. Dabs may refer to products made exclusively from butane hash oil; however, the term is sometimes used colloquially for concentrates extracted in other ways. There are also post-production methods that lead to further variations in products and terms.

What are the health effects of concentrates?

There are adverse effects associated with marijuana use in any form, though additional research is needed to understand how the use of concentrate may differ from smoking dried marijuana buds. Marijuana concentrates have very high levels of THC. Solvent-based products tend to be especially potent, with THC levels documented at an average of about 54-69% and reported to exceed 80%, while non-solvent based extraction methods produce average THC levels between 39-60%. In comparison, the THC content in marijuana plant material, which is often used in marijuana cigarettes, is lower—with samples seized by the U.S. Drug Enforcement Agency averaging just over 15%. Not only do concentrates have high levels of THC, but dabbers inhale the entire amount all at once—in a single breath. As a result, concentrates can deliver extremely large amounts of THC to the body quickly. The risks of physical dependence and addiction increase with exposure to high concentrations of THC, and higher doses of THC are more likely to produce anxiety, agitation, paranoia, and psychosis. Additional research is needed to understand how the use of concentrate affects these risks.

In addition, contaminants in concentrate products may be cause for concern. One study noted that 80% of tested concentrate samples were contaminated in some form, not only with pesticides (which is also a concern for dried bud), but also with residual solvents that were not fully purged in the manufacturing process. Users of BHO, for example, likely inhale some butane and other impurities along with the vaporized THC. It is important to note that direct inhalation of concentrated butane among recreational inhalant users carries multiple risks, including reported deaths. However, it is unclear what negative health outcomes result from the inhalation of residual butane, other solvents, or leftover contaminants during the dabbing process.

Types Of Cannabis Concentrates

Many people refer to concentrates by their consistency, i.e. shatter, budder or wax. However, the consistency of a concentrate alone does not indicate which extraction technique was used. The same extraction method can deliver a variety of final-product consistencies, depending on a number of factors.

The method of extraction and the starting material is far more important than the concentrate’s final consistency, as there are several variables that manipulate the consistency; some are in control of the extraction artist, while others are not. The reason for this distinction is that extraction practices dictate the healthiness of the concentrate, while the consistency is largely preference-based from a consumer standpoint.

For instance, many people debate shatter vs. budder; but shatter can be converted to budder by simply whipping the concentrate on a hot plate. Furthermore, you can derive a buddery consistency via BHO, PHO, and CO2 extraction. It’s the solvent (if any) and starting material that matters. Starting material can range from dry trim to cured buds to fresh frozen whole plants. It’s your responsibility as a thoughtful consumer to inquire from your budtender about the starting material and extraction process used in your favorite concentrate.

  • – Shatter. Shatter is one of the most popular forms of cannabis concentrates made through a butane-based extraction and is considered a form of Butane Hash Oil (BHO). The process involves taking dried cannabis flower and using butane to separate the trichomes (which contain all of the plant’s cannabinoids and terpenes) from the plant material. The trichomes are then processed into shatter, which carries highly concentrated amounts of these cannabinoids (like THC) and terpenes.
  • – Wax. Wax is another form of BHO and is sometimes called Budder, named after its soft, waxy consistency and golden color. This form of concentrate often offers high potencies just like shatter, but degrades more quickly and isn’t considered to be as stable as hard-form concentrates. Therefore, wax needs to be used soon after purchase, as opposed to some concentrates that may hold their potency for months or years. However, the soft consistency of wax makes it easier to work with for many users, since it can be easily separated into doses as needed (as compared to shatter, which is hard to portion because it breaks into unpredictable pieces). The strong, immediate effects are comparable to shatter and other BHO products.
  • – Live Resin. Live resin is one of the newest forms of cannabis concentrates and is also considered to be a form of Butane Hash Oil. It differs from other forms of BHO (and most concentrates) in multiple ways that make it more appealing for some users, especially those hoping to reap the many medicinal benefits associated with the cannabis plant. Unlike other concentrates, which are generally processed from dried cannabis flower, this concentrate is made using nearly the entire plant immediately after harvest. Making it requires expensive, high-quality equipment (which need to be operated by professionals), so it isn’t the type of concentrate you can make at home.
  • – Isolate. An isolate is any concentrate that has been ‘isolated’ to a single cannabinoid. Naturally, if the cannabinoid is THC, it’s an extremely potent way to inhale cannabis. Did you know you can achieve the same fast-acting results with CBD dabs? CBD concentrates and isolates can be used in any dab rig or dabber to provide high doses of pure CBD for intensive symptom relief in minutes. Derived from organic, non-GMO, sustainably-grown hemp and batch-tested for quality, purity, and potency, CBD isolate is exceptional and effective.
  • – Budder. Budder refers to cannabis extracts with a creamy, buttery consistency. It is also called crumble or cake batter. The consistency is comparable to soft wax and is much more forgiving to work with than shatter. Perhaps the only downside to budder is that it is less visually appealing than some other consistencies. Budder can be vaped, dabbed, twaxed (inside the joint or blunt), smoked, or used in edibles. Once again, make sure to activate the wax prior to combining with your oil or butter if you’re going to be using it for edibles.
flower

What You Need to Know about Marijuana Flower

Even as new technologies allow manufacturers to create numerous product types that deliver the benefits of cannabis, traditional flower smoking remains the most common and preferred method of consumption around the world.

Marijuana flower, also called “bud,” refers to the smokeable part of the cannabis plant that has gone through the cultivation, harvest, drying, and curing process. Cannabis flower continues to be a popular choice for its versatility, offering numerous methods of consumption, such as being smoked using a pipe or bong, or by rolling it into a joint or blunt. Among the many benefits of smoking weed is its rapid onset. Flower’s high bioavailability means you’ll feel its effects almost instantaneously. Effects can last anywhere from one to three hours, varying from person to person.

The cannabis plant has several structures, many of which we can find on any ordinary flowering plant species. Cannabis grows on long skinny stems with its large, iconic fan leaves extending out from areas called nodes. Cannabis really stands out in its flowers—or buds—where unique and intricate formations occur: fiery orange hairs, sugary crystals, and chunky buds enveloped by tiny leaves.

The history of marijuana use reaches back farther than many would guess. Cultivation of the plant dates back thousands of years. The first written account of cannabis cultivation (ostensibly used as medical marijuana) is found in Chinese records dating from the 28th century B.C.E. And a nearly 3,000-year-old Egyptian mummy contained traces of THC, the main psychoactive chemical in marijuana, as well as other drugs. Cannabis sativa is perhaps the world’s most recognizable plant. Pictures of the ubiquitous, green cannabis leaf show up in the news media, textbooks and drug-prevention literature. Its shape is made into jewelry, plastered on bumper stickers and clothing, and spray-painted on walls. The leaves are arranged palmately, radiating from a common center, like the fingers of a hand spreading apart. Although most people know what the cannabis plant looks like, they may know very little about its horticulture.

Why is Weed Called Flower?

The dense collection of flowers at the top of the female cannabis plant is known as the cola. Growers have developed methods such as topping and low-stress training to grow multiple main colas within a single plant to increase their yield. The “flower” sold at your local dispensary refers to dried colas of unfertilized female flowers. Flowers develop in both male and female cannabis plants and each sex has distinctive characteristics.

A single cannabis flower is made up of several elements:

  • A pistil, composed of two stigmas(pollen-catching, hair-like growths) attached to an ovule. If pollinated, the ovule is the part of the flower that produces a seed.
  • The calyx is the translucent layer of cells that partially covers the ovule. In other plants, calyxes are more developed and pronounced. Many use this term incorrectly when referring to the cannabis plant’s bracts.
  • The teardrop-shaped leaves that encapsulate the ovules are known as bracts. Bracts contain the highest concentration of resin-producing trichomes.
  • Trichomes produce the resin responsible for the cannabinoids and terpenes that give cannabis its psychoactive and medicinal properties.

Male cannabis flowers contain pollen. When pollen from the male plant fertilizes the female reproductive organs, the female flower will produce a seed. Seeds are desirable when breeding new strains, but not desirable for smokable flower. For this reason, growers remove male plants as soon as the begin to reveal their sex traits in the pre-flowering stage. Male preflowers display “staminate primordia” which look like clusters of grapes or bananas. It’s important to remove male plants before they mature and release pollen.

Marijuana flower or bud is technically a dried and cured cluster, or cola, of several unfertilized female flowers. While it’s easy to get hung up on botanical terminology, it’s safe to say that flower is an appropriate term for the green stuff in your bong.

According to Merriam-Webster, a flower is defined in four main ways:

  1. “the specialized part of an angiospermous plant that occurs singly or in clusters, possesses whorls of often colorful petals or sepals, and bears the reproductive structures (such as stamens or pistils) involved in the development of seeds and fruit.”
  2. “a cluster of small flowers growing closely together that resembles and is often viewed as a single flower.”
  3. “a plant grown or valued for its flowers.”
  4. “a cut stem of a plant with its flower.”

The cannabis plant is a dioecious flowering annual whose resinous clusters are harvested and trimmed at peak floral stage and thus neatly fits the definition of a flower.

marijuana

How It is Used?

Marijuana can be smoked as a cigarette (joint), but may also be smoked in a dry pipe or a water pipe known as a “bong.” It can also be mixed with food and eaten or brewed as tea. These are called “edibles” and are covered in detail later in this booklet. Sometimes users open up cigars and remove the tobacco, replacing it with pot—called a “blunt.” Joints and blunts are sometimes laced with other, more powerful drugs, such as crack cocaine or PCP (phencyclidine, a powerful hallucinogen).

When a person inhales the smoke from a joint or a pipe, he usually feels its effect within minutes. The immediate sensations—increased heart rate, lessened coordination and balance, and a “dreamy,” unreal state of mind—peak within the first 30 minutes. These short term effects usually wear off in two to three hours, but they could last longer, depending on how much the user takes, the potency of THC and the presence of other drugs added into the mix.

As the typical user inhales more smoke and holds it longer than he would with a cigarette, a joint creates a severe impact on the lungs. Aside from the discomfort that goes with sore throats and chest colds, it has been found that smoking one joint gives as much exposure to cancer-producing chemicals as smoking four to five cigarettes.

The mental consequences of marijuana use are equally severe. Marijuana smokers have poorer memories and mental aptitude than do non-users.

Recent studies on young adults that smoke marijuana, found abnormalities in the brain related to emotion, motivation and decision-making.

How to Smoke a Blunt

While less common, a blunt is the same basic idea as a joint. A blunt is an emptied-out cigar wrapper that’s been filled with flower and resealed. For similar reasons as a joint, the benefit of rolling a blunt is that all you need is the blunt wrap (or tobacco leaves) and your cannabis flower (a grinder is optional). Most convenience stores sell cigars, allowing blunt making to be possible virtually anywhere. The only potential downside to a blunt is that you’re also consuming the tobacco in the cigar wrap.

  • Pipes. Possibly the easiest, most straightforward way to smoke weed is through the use of a pipe. Small, compact, and easy to use, pipes are handheld devices that are used to smoke flower. They require no power or water; simply break apart your flower, fill the bowl and light up. Ideal for traveling or discreet use, pipes are practical and reliable tools for cannabis smokers.
  • Bongs. Another common method of smoking flower is the use of a water pipe, or “bong.” Bongs are a filtration device structurally comprised of a chamber, which is partially filled with water, and a downstem that connects the water chamber and holds a bowl (which holds the cannabis). Bongs are ideal for calming the heat and harshness of inhaling smoke. The liquid in the water chamber helps filter particles from the smoke. The water level in the chamber should be set just above the open end of the downstem to properly filter the smoke. As the smoke makes its way through the bong, the length of the pipe also aids in the cooling action. Bongs come in all shapes and sizes; some are more advanced (and thus, more expensive) than others. Some glass bongs are modified so that users can add ice into the chamber and cool the smoke before it’s inhaled. Glass percolator bongs provide an additional filtration system in the chamber, making it possible to filter the smoke multiple times, leaving the user with cleaner and cooler hit. Keep in mind that glass bongs and pipe tend to get caked with resin after longtime use, necessitating an occasional deep clean to restore the paraphernalia to its pristine state and get the most pleasant possible flower consumption experience.

Although it’s tempting to simply eat a cannabis-infused brownie, we don’t recommend doing so. The effects associated with ingested cannabis have a delayed onset time, last much longer than the other consumption methods (anywhere from 4 to 8+ hours), and can be significantly more intense.

The recommended consumption method for novice users is either smoking or vaporizing cannabis; the reason being that dosage control is relatively easy compared to other consumption methods. Smoking cannabis is the traditional method and involves inhaling the smoke released by the heated buds.

You can pack a one hitter pipe or roll it into a joint. A bong is another alternative and will result in the smoothest hit as the smoke is filtered through water prior to being inhaled, but the intensity of a bong hit is not recommended for novice users. If you find the effects of smoking cannabis to be too intense, we suggest vaporization as a more mild alternative.

For those looking to avoid the potential respiratory irritation caused by smoking, we recommend vaporizing for the first time. A vaporizer is a device that heats cannabis buds and/or concentrates to a specific (lower) temperature, which causes the cannabinoids (beneficial compounds like THC and CBD) stored in the plant’s trichomes to evaporate into a gas without combusting any plant material. In our experience, vaporization provides a more forgiving, manageable, and mild high than smoking cannabis.

If you’re feeling good about the vaporizer route, the photo above may be confusing. Just remember, the golden liquid in your vaporizer cartridge is simply a concentrated, extracted version of the original cannabis buds, and should be labeled indica, sativa, or hybrid at the very least.

Some cartridges may have multiple strains inside them, while others will be strain specific. Weed is like wine – every strain has a history and some dispensaries have garden blends; the same way vineyards blend grapes to make a more unique flavor profile. The key terms to understand are indica and sativa. These terms are used to describe the two major species of the cannabis plant that induce markedly different effects.

Choosing between indica and sativa varieties of cannabis is dependent on your desired effects. Those seeking an upbeat, focused, and creative experience, should select a sativa dominant strain. Alternatively, those looking for relaxing, appetite inducing, and sedative effects should choose an indica dominant strain. Those in search of a great anytime smoke with a more balanced high should try a hybrid strain (one that combines elements of both the indica and sativa species through the breeding process). For more detailed information, reference our strain selection guide.

Definition of Marijuana

“Marijuana” is a non-scientific term that refers to the dried plant matter, also known as nugs or buds, of psychoactive strains of the cannabis family. It’s important to remember that colloquial slang terms don’t always line up with horticultural definitions.

Botanists classify a bud as a “newly emerging plant part, appearing as no more than a nub or protuberance, whether it will become a branch, flower or leaf.” This is one of the main contradictions in cannabis terminology. Using the botanical definition, “bud” would refer to immature outgrowths from any part of the cannabis plant, while marijuana “buds” are allowed to flower for 6-12 weeks before they are ready to harvest.

Marijuana is one of the most abused drugs in the world. There is an ever-growing gap between the latest science about marijuana and the myths surrounding it. Some people think that since it is legal in some places, it must be safe. But your body doesn’t know a legal drug from an illegal drug. It only knows the effect the drug creates once you have taken it. The purpose of this publication is to clear up some of the misunderstandings about pot. Marijuana comes from the Indian hemp plant, and the part that contains the “drug” is found primarily in the flowers (commonly called the “buds”) and much less in the seeds, leaves, and stems of the plant.

Marijuana, when sold, is a mixture of dried out leaves, stems, flowers and seeds of the hemp plant. It is usually green, brown or gray in color.

Hashish is tan, brown or black resin that is dried and pressed into bars, sticks or balls. When smoked, both marijuana and hashish give off a distinctive, sweet odor.

There are over 400 chemicals in marijuana and hashish.1 The chemical that causes intoxication or the “high” in users is called THC (short for tetrahydrocannabinol). THC creates the mind-altering effects that classifies marijuana as a “drug.”

Plants, like animals, have traits that protect them in the wild. Plants can have colors or patterns that camouflage them from predators, or they can contain poisons or toxins that, when eaten, make animals sick or alter their mental capacity, putting them at risk in the wild. THC is the protective mechanism of the marijuana plant.

Intoxication literally means “to poison by taking a toxic substance into your body.” Any substance that intoxicates causes changes in the body and the mind. It can create addiction or dependence, causing a person to want to take that drug even if it harms him or her.

You may have heard someone say that because marijuana is a plant, it’s “natural” and so it’s harmless. But it’s not. Hemlock, a poisonous plant, is also “natural,” but it can kill. The other thing to know is that burning dried leaves and buds and inhaling the smoke into your lungs is definitely not “natural” and like smoking cigarettes, can be harmful to your body.

As for the medical uses of marijuana, it contains another chemical called CBD (short for cannabidiol). This is the substance most often associated with creating medical benefits. Unlike THC, CBD does not cause a high. Its medical benefits are still being studied, as are methods to breed marijuana plants with high CBD and low THC for medical use. Marijuana is a drug like alcohol, cocaine, or ecstasy. And like these other drugs, it has side effects that can be harmful.

Dosage

For first-time smokers, one or two inhalations is all it takes to feel THC’s powerful effects. We recommend first-timers wait 15-20 minutes after smoking before deciding to take additional inhalations, as the effects can become more pronounced over this period. As you get more accustomed to your preferred dosage you can take additional hits for a stronger effect.

However, you should never feel pressured to finish a bowl or joint, you can always come back to it. If your only option is to ingest cannabis, we recommend starting with a dose of 5mg of THC. Everyone’s metabolism is different and therefore has a different reaction to edibles. The important part is to WAIT after you ingest as onset can take up to TWO HOURS. As you become more familiar with your edible tolerance, it will be easier to adjust dosage.